Biking Accidents: How to Avoid Injuries While Riding a Bike?

Besides experiencing the rush of adrenaline and blood coursing through your veins, road cycling and mountain biking can bring about a host of health benefits.

However, as gratifying as cycling may be, mishaps can happen while you’re on the saddle – often in a blink of an eye. Here’s a list of common biking accidents and how best to avoid them.

Peloton crash

Weekend after weekend, you and your road warrior buddies awake before the crack of dawn for a cross-country ride. Your tight pack oozes peloton (a group of cyclists) pride as it zips across Singapore. But as much as peloton cycling presents several advantages – such as helping cyclists conserve energy by reducing wind drag (resistance) and covering more ground in the same amount of time – the risk of a peloton crash is higher due to the proximity of cyclists.

Peloton crashes are usually caused by accidental contact between cyclists and may result in severe injuries. As a cyclist falls, a domino effect is created, and this commonly leads to broken collar bones, femurs, and concussions.

So how can you avoid peloton crashes?

Cyclists should first be comfortable with drafting other riders (and allowing others to draft him or her) before riding in a peloton. If the pack consists of experienced and less experienced riders, cyclists should start cycling in a single line with 1 – 2 meters distance between riders. As the pack becomes more comfortable with drafting, that distance can progressively be minimized. Stronger riders should ride farther front in the pack as they will experience more drag than that behind.

To manage the expectations of each cyclist and avoid haphazard overtaking, positional rotations among cyclists should be planned before the ride.

Skids and falls on slopes

You love hill work because riding up those slopes brings you close to your maximum heart rate and that makes you feel more alive than ever. One of your favorite pastimes is cycling endless loops up and down Mount Faber.

Hill work is undoubtedly exhilarating – and great for cardiovascular endurance. But fatigue, a momentary lapse in concentration (especially when freewheeling downhill), or cycling on wet, slippery slopes, may cause skidding and serious falls that result in severe cuts and abrasions.

How to avoid skids and falls on slopes

You can still hit the slopes while taking the necessary precautions to prevent injury and climb effectively.

  • Cyclists should remain seated for most of the climb. This gives you better control of the bike and trains the muscular endurance of your lower limbs.
  • Stand in the attack position (hands-on hoods, body crouched) only during the steepest parts.
  • While seated, slide back in the saddle for better leg extension and leverage.
  • If you’re tired, shift to a lower gear but keep your cadence steady.

Here are some suggestions to stay safe while going downhill.

  • Cyclists should ride in the drops. This lowers your center of gravity and helps you maintain stability. Your weight will also be better distributed between the front and rear wheels, which improves traction.
  • Riders should also always scan ahead to be aware of the surroundings and anticipate what to do next. This eliminates sudden braking, which may cause a drastic forward fall.

Hitting a pothole

Potholes – they’re hard to detect and the bane of every cyclist’s existence. Although potholes in Singapore are not that common, given that repairs are consistently being done on almost every alternate road on this little island, it would be wise for cyclists to be on a constant lookout for those dreaded pits in the road.

The most common injuries cyclists sustain from hitting a pothole are dislocated shoulders or elbows, as it’s almost instinctive that one would use his or her hand or arm to break a forward fall.

A good way to prevent falling victim to a pothole is to habitually scan the road ahead for dark patches while cycling and carefully avoiding them. Daydreaming on the saddles, on the other hand, may land you (and your cycling buddies) in a hospital’s A&E.

How to prepare for a small pothole

Sometimes, you may be unable to avoid a small pothole. In this circumstance, the best approach is to relax your grip on the handlebars slightly, lift your weight out of the saddle and allow the bike to bump over the depression.

Try to remain relaxed as you go over the pothole and allow your arms and legs to absorb the impact. If the recess is too deep and you’re clipped to the pedals, try to bunny-hop over it by simultaneously pulling on the bars and pedals. Bunny-hopping your bike, of course, requires prior practice.

Attacked by wildlife

It may sound amusing, but reports of wildlife sightings (and attacks, in some cases) by mountain bike (MTB) enthusiasts in Singapore have been on the rise. This comes as no surprise as most of the MTB trails are located among the island’s lush greenery, which is also home to monkeys, wild boars, and pangolins.

These creatures are usually not hostile and attacks are uncommon, but you may end up with some bites and scratches if you encounter an animal having a bad day.

According to the Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore (AVA), the best approach when encountering wildlife is to not approach them at all. If a face-to-face situation is inevitable, back away slowly and refrain from antagonizing the local fauna. Before heading out to an MTB trail, you should also familiarise yourself with the different types of animals and their characteristics found on AVA’s website.

Recovering from an injury

If you sustain minor sprains or strains while cycling, go for the RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) method as one of your first treatments. It’s an effective, no-fuss self-care technique that will reduce inflammation, alleviate pain and promote healing. The RICE method can also be used to treat small bruises.

For minor cuts, the bleeding usually stops on its own. If it doesn’t, use a clean cloth or gauze, apply firm and direct pressure to the wound, and firmly hold the pressure. Thereafter, clean the wound as soon as possible by placing it under cool running water. After ensuring that all dirt and debris has been removed from the wound, you may consider applying a thin layer of antibiotic ointment before covering the wound with a sterile dressing.

Also, it is better to have personal accident insurance handy just in case your injury from cycling needs to be rushed to the nearest hospital for treatment.

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